Assessment of some hydrological and environmental problems in Makkah.pdf

Assessment of some hydrological and environmental problems in Makkah PDF

Mohammed El Bastawesy

The environmental problems related to the hydro-geological setting of dryland are receiving increasing recognition, due to the growth of urban areas and the deterioration of available freshwater resources. The wadi beds and alluvial plains are the most attractive landforms in the dryland for urban development, but the hydrological processes of these wadis and feeder catchments were almost neglected. The occasional development of heavy storms has proved the capability of the resulting flash floods and associated sediment transport to devastate the urban areas as well as the other human activities. Additionally the disposal of sewage discharge of the growing towns and cities is one of the serious problems that affect the sustainability of environmental resources. The alluvium aquifers are being replenished by the sewage discharge. This contaminated groundwater poses a serious threat to the public health and remedial actions are urgently required to deal with the environmental consequences of the hydrological problems of sewage discharge. Therefore the current book endeavours to address this need and to assist the development of growing dryland cities such as Makkah of Saudi Arabia

It is estimated that 141961 visitors will visit this complex per day. Article 50 of Iran Civil Laws and article 172 of The 5 th Iran National Development Plan require environmental impact assessment of any project to be undertaken by any large production, industrial, service, and infrastructural unit. In compliance with the legal requirements

3843380775 ISBN
Englisch SPRACHE
Assessment of some hydrological and environmental problems in Makkah.pdf


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